Afshin is a PhD candidate in finance. His research area is market microstructure, with focus on market liquidity, efficiency and integrity. He has a Bachelor degree in Industrial Engineering and a Master in Financial Engineering. Prior to his PhD, he was working for four years in the financial industry, in the roles of senior financial analyst and portfolio manager of a pension fund investing in Tehran Stock Exchange. His other areas of interest are foreign exchange market, smart contracts, and fintech.